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TURKEY - the city of EDIRNE

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   EDIRNE historically known as ADRIANOPLE, is a city in the northwestern TURKISH province in the region of EAST THRACE, close to borders with GREECE and BULGARIA.
EDIRNE served as the third capital city of the OTTOMAN EMPIRE from 1369 to 1453, before CONSTANTINOPLE (present-day Istanbul) became the empire's fourth and final capital between 1453 and 1922.
    The area around EDIRNE has been the site of numerous major battles and sieges, from the days of the ROMAN EMPIRE.
    The city was (re)founded eponymously by the ROMAN EMPEROR HADRIAN on the site of a previous THRACIAN settlement known as USKADAMA, USKUDAMA, USKODAMA or USCUDAMA.
  HADRIAN developed it, adorned it with monuments, changed its name to HADRIANOPOLIS (which would be corrupted into ADRIANOPOLIS, Anglicised as Adrianople). LICINIUS was defeated there by CONSTANTINE I in 323, and EMPEROR VALENS was killed by the Goths in 378 during the Battle of ADRIANOPLE (378).
   EDIRNE is famed for its many mosques, domes, minarets, and palaces from the OTTOMAN period.
     Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the BAHÁ'Í FAITH, lived in EDIRNE from 1863 to 1868. He was exiled there by the OTTOMAN EMPIRE before being banished further to the OTTOMAN penal colony in Akka. He referred to ADRIANOPLE in his writings as the „Land of Mystery".
    ADRIANOPLE was briefly occupied by imperial Russian troops in 1829 during the Greek War of Independence and in 1878 during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878.        The city suffered a fire in 1905. In 1905 it had about 80,000 inhabitants, of whom 30,000 were Turks; 22,000 Greeks; 10,000 Bulgarians; 4,000 Armenians; 12,000 Jews; and 2,000 more citizens of unclassified ethnic/religious backgrounds (Wikipedia).


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